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Diabetes Care Specialist

Lancaster Family Health

Family Medicine & Aesthetics located in Lancaster, PA

If you’re one of the more than 30 million people in the United States with diabetes, you need consistent health care to help manage the disease. Trust expert family physicians, Christopher Porter, DO, and Mark Cohen, DO, and the team at Lancaster Family Health to provide the evaluation, management, and treatments necessary to help you live with this chronic condition. Members of the community of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, and the surrounding area can call the office or book an appointment online to be screened for diabetes or have their condition managed.

Diabetes Care Q & A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is diagnosed when your blood glucose (sugar) is consistently too high. Your blood sugar levels are affected by the foods you eat, and in healthy people, the pancreas produces insulin to help you process this sugar. In people with diabetes, the pancreas either doesn’t produce any insulin or doesn’t make enough to regulate glucose. In some cases, your body just doesn’t use the available insulin properly.

What are the types of diabetes?

Diabetes has two primary types:

  • Type 1 diabetes: an autoimmune condition in which your body does not make insulin
  • Type 2 diabetes: occurs when your body doesn’t make enough insulin or fails to use insulin effectively

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children or young adults, while Type 2 typically develops in middle age or later. Type 2 is the most common form.

Who is at risk of developing diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is usually a genetic condition, so heredity plays a role. Type 2 diabetes risk factors, however, are often controllable. Lack of physical activity and being overweight puts you at risk. People older than 45, those with high blood pressure, and anyone with a history of prediabetes or gestational diabetes is at higher risk.

How is diabetes managed?

The providers at Lancaster Family Health help you manage diabetes through lifestyle changes, blood sugar monitoring, and medications. The practice has an in-office lab, so it’s easy to get accurate measures of your blood sugar levels.

In people with Type 1 diabetes, replacement insulin is required daily. You may do self-injections or have an insulin pump to help you obtain this essential hormone that keeps you alive. The team at Lancaster Family Health keeps track of your blood sugar levels regularly to tweak your dosage as necessary.

In people with Type 2 diabetes, lifestyle changes, such as adding physical activity and reducing consumption of sugary, processed foods can help improve symptoms. Using oral medications, including Metformin, can help control your blood sugar levels.

Why is it important to manage diabetes?

Consistently high blood sugar levels can lead to a number of complications. These include:

  • Heart disease and stroke
  • Eye problems
  • Kidney disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Foot issues and amputation
  • Dental disease

Management of diabetes helps reduce your risk of these complications.

If you’re concerned about diabetes, don’t hesitate to call Lancaster Family Health or book an appointment online.